The Senate, citing the recent arrest of five armed Americans last month and their subsequent release with the help of the State Department, had summoned both Céant and his justice minister to its chamber on Monday.
Prime Minister Céant had gone to the Senate for for a meeting which fell through due to the lack of a quorum. Senate President Carl Murat Cantave tweeted that due to the lack of a quorum, the prime minister's session is being rescheduled for Wednesday
However, the Lower Chamber of Deputies voted by an overwhelming 93 of 103 lawmakers to removing Ceant, who has been accused of failing to do anything to improve the living conditions of Haitians.
A letter will be sent to the President Jovenel Moise regarding the appointment of a new prime minister.
“The Government of Jean Henry Céant received a motion of censure from the Chamber of Deputies with 93 votes in favour, 6 against and 3 abstentions,” the Chamber of Deputies announced just after midday on Monday.
“It was illegal. It was unconstitutional,” said Deputy Sinal Betrand, who was among the six who voted against the government's censure.
Political observers said that in the absence of a quorum in the Senate on Monday morning, Prime Minister Céant could not benefit from a six month stay by way of a vote of confidence.
Céant later told the Miami Herald newspaper “the decision is illegal and was outside of the constitution, It is unacceptable.”
He said that the justice system needs to shed light.
The Senate is trying to fight Céant's ouster.
Céant and his 21-member cabinet will remain in office as caretakers until a new prime minister is named by President Moïse.
Under Haitian law, a caretaker prime minister and government can only oversee the country's day-to-day affairs, and cannot enter into any new contracts.
Céant, a lawyer had replaced Jack Guy Lafontant, as prime minister following a series of street demonstrations over fuel increases.
Haiti's President Jovenel Moise, has been under pressure from opposition parties to step down over his handling of domestic affairs as well as the use of funds under the PetroCaribe an oil alliance of many Caribbean states with Venezuela to purchase oil on conditions of preferential payment.
Moise has already indicated that he does not intend to step down in favour of armed gangs and drug traffickers, acknowledging that the “the crisis we are going through is very serious”.
Last month, CARICOM leaders at their inter-sessional summit in St. Kitts-Nevis “expressed deep concern about the situation prevailing in Haiti during the past three weeks characterized by violent protests jeopardizing the political, economic and social stability of the country'.
- Countries: Haiti